The four in the jeep

Vier im jeep ws

Who were the four in the jeep? From when did they take over the zones in Vienna? How were the Viennese districts divided? What happened in downtown Vienna?

On September 1, 1945, the time had come. The troops of the four occupying powers under their High Commissars Clark (USA), Koniev (USSR), Mc Creery (Great Britain) and Béthouart (France) took over their zones in Vienna.

The American sector included the districts, 7, 8, 9, 17, 18, 19. The British held the districts 3, 5, 11 (without Albern) 12, 13. The French sector consisted of districts 6, 14, 15, and 16, while Soviet troops occupied districts 2 (with Albern), 4, 10, 20, 21, and 22.

The Inner City was administered jointly by the four occupying powers and was also called the inter-allied zone. The seat of the inter-allied command was the Palace of Justice. The chairmanship was changed on a monthly basis.
The basic idea of the four-power administration was that all important government and administrative offices were located in the Inner City. If this district had been controlled by one of the four Allies alone, the latter could have exerted pressure on the Austrian authorities, as well as on the government.

The Four in a Jeep, as the international patrol was called, initially consisted of three soldiers and began operations on August 5, 1945. In September 1945, the Frenchman joined them as a fourth man. This ensured order and security for the civilian population and the members of the allied army.

Since the vehicles were basically provided by the US Army, the Americans were also the vehicle drivers. There was also a Swiss film made about the Four in a Jeep in the 1950s. The existence of the International Patrol ended on September 14, 1955.

Not only the administrative, but also the economic and human problems with the occupation troubled the Viennese. The occupation costs initially amounted to 35% of the state budget.

In spite of many burdens, a new world opened up: the Americans brought care packages, cigarettes and chewing gum to Vienna. The British brought high culture: “British Council” and Henry Moore and the French brought art and fashion.

Share this post

More contributions

Pest in wien
Plague in Vienna

Plague in Vienna

The term “plague” was originally used to describe any disease that was epidemic and deadly in character. Therefore, it is very difficult, in early years,

read more "

Information on data protection
We use technologies such as cookies, LocalStorage, etc. to customize your browsing experience, to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features, and to analyze traffic to our website. We also share information about how our site is used with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Our partners may combine this information with other data that you have provided to them or that you have collected as part of using the Services (incl. US providers). You can find more information about the use of your data in our data protection declaration.

data protection
This website uses cookies so that we can offer you the best possible user experience. You can find more information about the use of your data in our data protection declaration.

Strictly Necessary Cookies
Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings.

Marketing & Statistics
This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site and the most popular pages. Leave this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website.

Google Tag Manager
This is a tag management system. Using the Google Tag Manager, tags can be integrated centrally via a user interface. Tags are small pieces of code that represent activitiescan track. Script codes from other tools are integrated via the Google Tag Manager. The Tag Manager makes it possible to control when a specific tag is triggered.